Wednesday, July 6, 1864

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Army Events:

Action: Aberdeen, AR July 6 - 7, 1864
Action: Aldie, VA July 6, 1864
Skirmish: Antietam, MD July 6, 1864
Campaign: Atlanta, GA May 1 - September 8, 1864
Expedition from: Beaufort, SC June 30 - July 10, 1864
Skirmish: Benton, AR July 6, 1864
Skirmish: Big Cacapon Bridge, WV July 6, 1864
Scout: Big Piney, MO July 5 - 6, 1864
Skirmish: Bolivar, MS July 6, 1864
Scout: Buffalo Creek, Ripley County, MO July 3 - 12, 1864
Expedition to: Caruthersville, MO July 5 - 10, 1864
Operation: Charleston Harbor, SC January 1 - November 13, 1864
Operation: Chattahoochie River, GA July 5 - 17, 1864
Expedition from: Fort Churchill, Nevada Territory June 8 - August 9,1864
Expedition from: Fort Craig, New Mexico Territory May 16 - August 2, 1864
Expedition from: Fort Dalles, OR Territory April 20 - October 26, 1864
Expedition to: Fort Goodwin, Arizona Territory May 16 - August 2, 1864
Expedition from: Fort Walla Walla, Washington Territory April 20 - October 26, 1864
Expedition from: Fort Wingate, New Mexico Territory May 25 - July 15, 1864
Expedition to: Gila River, Arizona Territory May 25 - July 13, 1864
Expedition to: Grand Gulf, MS July 4 - 24, 1864
Skirmish: Hagerstown, MD July 6, 1864
Operation: Harper's Ferry, WV July 4 - 7, 1864
Expedition to: Humboldt River, Nevada Territory June 8 - August 9, 1864
Engagement: James Island, SC July 6, 1864
Expedition to: John's Island, SC July 2 - 10, 1864
Skirmish: Kingston, GA July 1864
Expedition from: La Grange, TN July 5 - 21, 1864
Skirmish: Little Blue River, MO July 6, 1864
Action: Maryland Heights, MD July 6 - 7, 1864
Expedition from: Memphis, TN July 4 - 24, 1864
Expedition from: Morganza, LA July 5 - 7, 1864
Raid: Morristown, TN June 13 - July 15, 1864
Action: Mount Zion Church, VA July 6, 1864
Expedition from: New Madrid, MO July 5 - 10, 1864
Skirmish: Nickajack Creek, GA July 6 - 8, 1864
Operation: Northern Alabama June 24 - August 20, 1864
Expedition to: Pearl River, MS July 2 - 10, 1864
Siege: Petersburg, VA June 16, 1864 - April 2, 1865
Operation: Pringle Battery, SC July 4 - 9, 1864
Operation: Richmond, VA June 19 - July 31, 1864
Campaign: Richmond, VA June 13, 1864 - April 2, 1865
Expedition to: San Carlos River, New Mexico Territory May 25 - July 13, 1864
Skirmish: Sandtown, GA July 6 - 7, 1864
Expedition to: Simsport, LA July 5 - 7, 1864
Skirmish: Sir John's Run, WV July 6, 1864
Scout: Southeastern Arizona July 6 - 24, 1864
Expedition to: Southeastern Oregon April 20 - October 26, 1864
Skirmish: Station Four, FL July 6, 1864
Expedition to: Tupelo, MS July 5 - 21, 1864
Expedition from: Vicksburg, MS July 2 - 10, 1864
Expedition from: Walla Walla, Washington Territory April 20 - October 26, 1864
Operation: Western Missouri July 6 - 30, 1864

Appointment: Edward Cary Walthall, CSA, to Major General
Death: Brigadier General Samuel Allen Rice, USA, dies at his home in Oskaloosa, Iowa, from complications resulting from a shattered ankle received during the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas, April 30, 1864

(Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Vol. I, p. 660-991. Frederick H. Dyer; The Chronological Tracking Of The American Civil War Per The Offical Records Of The War of the Rebellion pp. 1-336. Ronald A. Mosocco.)

Naval Events:

Single-turreted monitors U.S.S. Lehigh, commanded by Lieutenant Commander A. A. Semmes, U.S.S. Montauk, commanded by Lieutenant Commander A. W. Johnson, and other ships of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron supported Army troops in a demonstration up the Stono River, South Carolina. Hearing that Confederate forces were about to move against the blockaders off Charleston, Rear Admiral Dahlgren and Major General Foster planned a diversionary expedition up the Stono River, intending to cut the important Charleston-Savannah railroad. Union monitors and gunboats shelled Confederate works on both sides of the river with telling effect in support of movements ashore. Brigadier General Schimmelfennig, troop commander, reported to Dahlgren on 6 July: "I take pleasure in informing you of the excellent practice by your gunboats and monitors on Stono River yesterday. They drove the enemy out of his rifle pits and prevented him from erecting an earthwork which he had commenced. As I shall probably have to occupy that line again before long, this fire of your monitors will undoubtedly save many lives on our side, for which I desire to express to them my thanks." Dahlgren's vessels later effectively covered the Army withdrawal from Stono River.

Illustrating the great paucity of Confederate naval power and the strategic importance of C.S.S. Albemarle to the defense of North Carolina, Brigadier General Lawrence S. Baker, CSA, wrote to Commander Maffitt, captain of the ironclad, cautioning him against risking his vessel: "I beg leave to remind you of the importance to the Confederacy of the country opened to us by the taking of Plymouth, to suggest that its recapture now engages the serious attention of the U.S. Government, and that the loss of the gunboat which you command would be irreparable and productive of ruin to the interests of the government, particularly in this State and district, and indeed would be a heavy blow to the whole country. . . . I have no doubt that in event of an attack by you the most desperate efforts will be made to destroy your boat, and thus open the approach to Plymouth and Washington [North Carolina]." While criticism was leveled at the Confederate Navy Department for not bringing Albemarle into action, her presence at Plymouth constituted a powerful threat to Union control of the North Carolina sounds, demanded a vigilant patrol by many Northern ships, and prevented recapture of the area by Union troops. Few ships better illustrate the important relationship between a nation's land and sea-based power.

Captain Cicero Price, U.S.S. Jamestown, wrote Secretary Welles from Yokohama, Japan, regarding the celebration of Independence Day in that far-off port: "The Fourth was very handsomely celebrated here, all the foreign ships of war participating by dressing their ships, as well as saluting. It was very marked on the part of the British." With the tide of war ashore as well as afloat having swung irrevocably in favor of the Union, British intervention on behalf of the South could no longer be considered a possibility.

(Source: Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1-41; II:1-117; III:1-170; IV:1-152; V:1-134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.)

Additional Information:

Confederate Major General Jubal A. Early crosses the Potomac River into Maryland.

(Source: A Concise Encyclopedia of the Civil War, p. 203-221. Henry E. Simmons 1965.)
revised: November 9, 2011
created: January 12, 2001
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